Enema

Eugenio Lucas Velásquez - La lavativa

HOW TO GIVE YOURLSEF AN ENEMA by Catherine Cavanaugh, R.N.

An enema is a safe, effective, and natural way to cleanse the bowel. It more closely approximates a natural movement than laxatives or suppositories and is much more gentle on the system. Only the last 24 to 36 inches of the digestive tract are involved, as compared to over 30 feet as is the case with laxatives. When you are constipated and resort to a laxative you never really know where you will be and what you will be doing when your laxative decides to work. With an enema you time your movement to your convenience.

Nevertheless, in many people, just the word “enema” brings to mind unpleasant memories of the discomfort of past or childhood enemas. In fact, an enema, properly administered, and taking care to observe some fundamental principles, can be almost without discomfort.

EQUIPMENT NEEDED

  1. An enema bag or can. You can obtain this in any pharmacy. A combination hot water bottle/fountain syringe is the most convenient if you will be giving the enema to yourself. This is because you can set the bag down after it is filled without spilling the solution. A stainless steel irrigation can is more expensive, but easier to use when administering an enema to someone else, and also easier to prepare and clean up afterward. These are available from surgical supply stores. If you travel frequently you may want to consider a folding enema bag travel kit. Also available in some pharmacies, and most surgical supply stores, are inexpensive hospital type disposable enema bag units. In the hospital they are used once and discarded for sanitary reasons, but you can use them several dozen times at home before they wear out.
  2. A Davol colon tube. This is a flexible red rubber tube, 18-30 inches long that attaches to the hard plastic enema tip. It provides more safety and comfort than the standard attachment. These are available from medical supply stores and come in different sizes denoted by their French number. This number designates the interior diameter of the tube, the higher numbers indicating a larger diameter or the ability to pass more solution in a given time. Fr.#26 to Fr.#30 are standard sizes for the average adult, while Fr.#18 is used for young children, and intermediate numbers for ages in between.
  3. Castile enema soap. This is very mild soap used in the hospital for cleansing enema solutions. It is gentle enough to use on infants, but effective enough to relieve the most stubborn case of constipation. It is in liquid form and comes in a box of 50 single use packets. It is inexpensive and your pharmacist can order it for you, or you can find it stocked in many surgical supply stores. Soapsuds enemas are only recommended in cases of constipation.
  4. K-Y Jelly, vaseline, or cold cream for a lubricant. This is used to make insertion of the rectal tube easier and more comfortable.
  5. Something to hang the bag if self-administered. The enema bag should be suspended no more than 18-24 inches above the level of the rectum. The best place to give yourself an enema is on the bed, or in the bathroom either lying on a rug or in the bathtub. The bed is the more comfortable alternative. If there is no hook or something to suspend the bag from near the bed, put a nail or some sort of a hanger into the wall, so the enema bag can be hung by a strong cord so that it is about 18 inches above your rectum when lying on your side. If you prefer the tub, a string looped over the shower curtain pole or shower head can be used to hang the bag. Some enema bags come with an “S” hook that can be hung on the end of the cord. You can also make one by bending a piece of a coat hanger into an “S” shape.
  6. A pad or heavy bath towel. This is placed underneath the buttocks during the enema. On the bed or bathroom rug it helps to absorb any leakage, and in the tub makes it more comfortable than contacting the bare tub surface directly.

PROCEDURE

For best results, and your own comfort, the enema should be taken while lying down.

  • If you will be giving the enema to yourself the first thing you should do is set up the area for the procedure. Make sure the hook is suspended at the proper height (18-24 inches above the rectum). Then place a pad or bath towel where you will be lying down. Slide the shutoff clamp to a point on the tubing where you will be able easily reach it while in position. Check this out ahead of time by hanging the empty bag and assuming the position, just to be sure.
  • Prepare the solution. The water temperature should be slightly above body temperature, about 105 degrees F. at preparation time.For a soapsuds enema, if you have a combination hot water bottle and syringe, or an enema can, empty the contents of one castile soap packet into the bag or can, and fill with warm water. If you have a fountain syringe, or hospital type disposable enema bag, then first you should fill the bag one-third full of water before pouring in the castile soap. Then resume, filling the bag with desired amount of water. This prevents the soap solution from running out the enema tubing when the air is expelled. For a combination syringe, after attaching the tubing shake the bag to mix the solution thoroughly. For an enema can, stir the solution with some sort of a stirrer. If castile soap is not available, mix a bar of any mild toilet soap (IVORY, DOVE, etc.) in a pitcher of warm water until the water becomes milky, and then fill the bag or can. CAUTION: Do not use liquid dishwashing detergent such as IVORY liquid or any other in an enema since these soaps are very irritating to the bowel and their use has reportedly resulted in cases of soap induced colitis.
  • For a salt solution enema, mix 1 teaspoon of table salt for each pint of solution, or four teaspoons for two quarts.
  • For a tapwater enema merely fill the bag with warm water. If you have a problem with water purity in your area then warmed distilled or bottled water is preferred.
  • Lubricate the rectal nozzle with vaseline, K-Y jelly, or cold cream.
  • Open the shutoff for a moment and allow enough solution to flow to expel the air from the enema tubing. This helps to reduce cramping.
  • Lubricate your anal area with a generous amount of K-Y Jelly, or cold cream. Work your index finger up into the rectum lubricating the entire interior area where you can reach. This serves two purposes: 1. It makes it easier to insert the rectal tube, and 2. It helps protect the sensitive skin around the rectal area from being irritated by the harsh wastes when the enema is expelled. Wipe your finger with a tissue.
  • Hang the enema bag on the hook.
  • Lie down in position. On the bed this should be on the left side with the left leg straight and the right knee flexed (Sim’s position). Your left arm should be behind your back and if the shutoff is properly positioned you will be able to control it with your left hand. Your right hand will comfortably rest under your pillow. On the bathroom floor or in the tub, lie on your back with both legs drawn up, knees bent. Make sure you can easily reach the shutoff valve. Put a pillow under your head.If someone else is giving you the enema you may find it more comfortable to assume the knee-chest position. To accomplish this, get on your hands and knees and then put one or two pillows underneath your chest, and lean forward on them. Turn your face sideways and rest it on another pillow, and snuggle both arms underneath. This particular position is an especially comfortable one to have an enema during pregnancy, but if you attempt it on your own the rectal tube tends to slip out and it is difficult to work the shutoff. If you do this on the bathroom floor rather than the bed, make sure your knees are cushioned by a pillow or a pad, or the pressure on them might cause knee damage.
  • Gently insert the rectal tube 3 to 4 inches into the rectum. Rotate or twist the tube back and forth to make for easier insertion.
  • Open the shutoff valve and allow the solution to flow. At the first indication of discomfort stop and wait a few moments. Then release the shutoff and allow the enema to resume. Feel free to interrupt the flow as frequently as is necessary to assist in minimizing the discomfort. Taking slow deep breaths will help, and if you feel cramping at any point “pant like a dog” with shallow quick breathing. As the enema progresses a feeling of fullness develops. This is normal, and discomfort can be minimized by insuring that not too much solution is introduced too quickly. Take your time.
  • When the bag is empty clamp off the shutoff and slowly remove the rectal tube. Remain in position and retain the solution for a while. For a maintenance enema a few minutes are sufficient, but if you are constipated try to hold it in for 5 to 15 minutes.
  • Go to the toilet and expell the enema. An enema seldom comes out in a single movement so stay near the toilet for one half to one hour. After evacuating, most people find it comfortable to lie on the bed in a prone position to rest for a while.
  • A soapsuds enema should always be followed by a clear water rinse to insure that any soap solution residue is washed out of the colon. This minimizes the possibility of any irritation. Follow the instructions above but this time just use tapwater and try to take an entire bagful. This combination of a soapsuds enema followed by a clear rinse is the preferred treatment for cases of constipation.
  • Clean the equipment thoroughly. Remove any trace of lubricant from the rectal tubing with tissue, and wash with warm soapy water. Rinse out the bag or can, because intestinal pressure can cause reflux (a backing up of solution and colon waste into the bag or can). Then refill the bag or can part way, reattach the tubing if disconnected, and allow the water to flow into the sink, rinsing out the tubing.
  • Hang up to dry. An enema bag takes several days to thoroughly dry out, and should never be put away while even slightly wet.

TIPS FOR MINIMIZING DISCOMFORT

There are three primary reasons that cause an enema to be a more uncomfortable procedure than it has to be:

  1. Wrong position.- Many people are under the misconception that an enema can be successfully taken while seated upon the toilet. In some cases this may produce minimum results that may be construed as success, but in fact, gravity works against the enema and inhibits the solution from reaching the upper parts of the colon, and causes unnecessary discomfort as the solution pools in the lower part of the, bowel causing it to uncomfortably expand. An enema taken while seated upon the toilet seldom produces adequate results, so only take one while on the toilet when it is the only alternative.
  2. Wrong temperature.- An enema solution too cool can cause excessive cramping. If it is too hot it can damage the delicate mucosa lining the bowel. Body temperature or slightly above (98-105F) is just right.
  3. Too much pressure.- If the bag or can is suspended too high, excessive pressure can cause severe discomfort. The bag should be just high enough to allow the solution to barely flow. Don’t worry how long the enema takes. The slower you go the more solution you will be able to take without discomfort.

TIPS FOR MAXIMIZING RESULTS

  1. Use a sufficient volume of solution.- The major factor in an enema’s effectiveness is an adequate amount of solution. Many medical books suggest that a pint or so is sufficient, but any experienced nurse will tell you that good results are rarely obtained with such a small amount. What usually happens in the case where an insufficient amount is used is that the entire procedure must be repeated. It is a lot easier and more comfortable to do it right the first time.
  2. Retain the solution for 5 to 15 minutes.- Retaining the enema for a while before expelling it can significantly contribute to good results. Many people find it surprising that this can have such a major impact on an enema’s effectiveness, but experience has shown that it really works. Try and retain the enema for 15 minutes if possible, (it is often very uncomfortable, and one minute seems like 10). At least five minutes should be the absolute minimum. During this time the enema has time to work it’s way up into the upper recesses of the bowel, soften the movement in general, and dissolve the hard caked fecal coating on the interior wall of the bowel.

5 comentarios to “Enema”

  1. Misterioso objeto por el culo Says:

    Para los que quieran profundizar en la materia: Enema tips.

  2. Misterioso objeto por el culo Says:

    Para los que deseen una segunda opinión:

    COLON CLEANSING: HOW TO GIVE YOURSELF AN ENEMA
    Dr. Isabelle A. Moser with Steve Solomon (1997).

    Enemas have been medically out of favor for a long time. Most people have never had one. So here are simple directions to self-administer an effective enema series.

    The enema bag you select is important. It must hold at least two quarts and be rapidly refillable. The best American-made brand is made of rubber with about five feet of rubber hose ending in one of two different white hard plastic insertion tips. The bag is designed for either enemas or vaginal douches. It hangs from a detachable plastic “S” hook. When filled to the brim it holds exactly one-half gallon. The maker of this bag offers another model that costs about a dollar more and also functions as a hot water bottle. A good comforter it may make, but the dual purpose construction makes the bag very awkward to rapidly refill. I recommend the inexpensive model.

    The plastic insertion tips vary somewhat. The straight tubular tip is intended for enemas; the flared vaginal douche tip can be useful for enemas too, in that it somewhat restrains unintentional expulsion of the nozzle while filling the colon. However, its four small holes do not allow a very rapid rate of flow.

    To give yourself an enema, completely fill the bag with tepid water that does not exceed body temperature. The rectum is surprisingly sensitive to heat and you will flinch at temperatures only a degree or two higher than 98 Fahrenheit. Cooler water is no problem; some find the cold stimulating and invigorating. Fasters having difficulty staying warm should be wary of cold water enemas. These can drop core body temperature below the point of comfort.

    Make sure the flow clamp on the tube is tightly shut and located a few inches up the tube from the nozzle. Hang the filled bag from a clothes or towel hook, shower nozzle, curtain rod, or other convenient spot about four to five feet above the bathroom floor or tub bottom. The higher the bag the greater the water pressure and speed of filling. But too much pressure can also be uncomfortable. You may have to experiment a bit with this.

    Various body positions are possible for filling the colon. None is correct or necessarily more effective than another. Experiment and find the one you prefer. Some fill their colon kneeling and bending forward in the bathtub or shower because there will likely be small dribbles of water leaking from around the nozzle. Usually these leaks do not contain fecal matter. Others prefer to use the bathroom floor. For the bony, a little padding in the form of a folded towel under knees and elbows may make the process more comfortable. You may kneel and bend over while placing your elbows or hands on the floor, reach behind yourself and insert the nozzle. You may also lie on your back or on your side. Some think the left side is preferable because the colon attaches to the rectum on the left side of the body, ascends up the left side of the abdomen to a line almost as high as the solar plexus, then transverses the body to the right side where it descends again on the right almost to the groin. The small intestine attaches to the colon near its lower-right extremity. In fact these are the correct names given for the parts of the colon: Ascending, Descending and Transverse Colon along with the Sigmoid Colon or Rectum at the exit end.

    As you become more expert at filling your colon with water you will begin to become aware of its location by the weight, pressure and sometimes temperature of the water you’re injecting. You will come to know how much of the colon has been filled by feel. You will also become aware of peristalsis as the water is evacuated vigorously and discover that sensations from a colon hard at work, though a bit uncomfortable, are not necessarily pain.

    Insertion of the nozzle is sometimes eased with a little lubricant. A bit of soap or KY jelly is commonly used. If the nozzle can be inserted without lubricant it will have less tendency to slip out. However, do not tear or damage the anus by avoiding necessary lubrication. After insertion, grip the clamp with one hand and open it. The flow rate can be controlled with this clamp. Keeping a hand on the clamp also prevents the nozzle from being expelled.

    Water will begin flowing into the colon. Your goal is to empty the entire bag into the colon before sensations of pressure or urgency to evacuate the water force you to remove the nozzle and head for the toilet. Relaxation of mind and body helps achieve this. You are very unlikely to achieve a half-gallon fill up on the first attempt. If painful pressure is experienced try closing the clamp for a moment to allow the water to begin working its way around the obstacle. Or, next time try hanging the bag lower, reducing its height above the body and thus lowering the water pressure. Or, try opening the clamp only partially. Or, try panting hard, so as to make the abdomen move rapidly in and out, sort of shaking the colon. This last technique is particularly good to get the water past a blockage of intestinal gas.

    It is especially important for Americans, whose culture does not teach one to be tolerant of discomfort, to keep in mind that pain is the body’s warning that actual damage is being done to tissues. Enemas can do no damage and pose no risk except to that rare individual with weak spots in the colon’s wall from cancers. When an enema is momentarily perceived unpleasantly, the correct name for the experience is a sensation, not pain. You may have to work at increasing your tolerance for unpleasant sensations or it will take you a long time to achieve the goal of totally filling the colon with water. Be brave! And relax. A wise philosopher once said that it is a rough Universe in which only the tigers survive–and sometimes they have a hard time.

    Eventually it will be time to remove the nozzle and evacuate the water. Either a blockage (usually fecal matter, an air bubble, or a tight ‘U’ turn in the colon, usually at either the splenetic, or hepatic flexures located right below the rib cage) will prevent further inflow (undesirable) or else the bag will completely empty (good!) or the sensation of bursting will no longer be tolerable. Go sit on the toilet and wait until all the water has passed. Then refill the bag and repeat the process. Each time you fill the colon it will allow more water to enter more easily with less unpleasantness. Fasters and cleansers should make at least three attempts at a complete fill-up each time they do an enema session.

    Water and juice fasters will find that after the first few enemas, it will become very easy to inject the entire half-gallon of water. That is because there is little or no chime entering the colon. After a few days the entire colon will seem (this is incorrect) to be empty except when it is filled with water. This is the point to learn an advanced self-administered enema technique. An average colon empty of new food will usually hold about one gallon of water. That is average. A small colon might only hold 3/4 gallon, a large one might accept a gallon and a half, or even more. You’ll need to learn to simultaneously refill the bag while injecting water, so as to achieve a complete irrigation of the whole colon. There are several possible methods. You might try placing a pitcher or half-gallon mason jar of tepid water next to the bag and after the bag has emptied the first time, stand up while holding the tube in the anus, refill the bag and then lie down again and continue filling. You might have an assistant do this for you. You might try hanging the bag from the shower head and direct a slow, continuous dribble of lukewarm water from the shower into the bag while you kneel or lie relaxed in the tub. This way the bag will never empty and you stop filling only when you feel fullness and pressure all the way back to the beginning of the ascending colon. Of course, hanging from a slowly running shower head the bag will probably overflow and you will get splashed and so will the bathroom floor when your wet body moves rapidly from the tub to the toilet. I’ve imagined making an enema bag from a two gallon plastic bucket with a small plastic hose barb glued into a hole drilled in the bottom or lower edge. If I were in the business of manufacturing enema bags I’d make them hold at least one gallon.

    A word of caution to those folks who have a pattern of overdoing it, or tend to think that more is better. This is not true when it comes to colon cleansing. Do not make more than three attempts to fill and clean the colon with an enema bag. Usually the colon begins to protest and won’t accept any more fill-ups. When having colonics on a colonic machine it is a good idea to continue until the water comes back reasonably clear for that session. It is not a good idea for a faster to have colonics that last more than three-quarters of an hour to an hour maximum, or it will be too tiring. Even non-fasters find colonics tiring. After all, the colon is basically a big muscle that has become very lazy on a low-fiber diet.

    I’ve personally administered over five thousand colonics, taught several dozen fasters to self-administer their own and stood by while they gave themselves one until they were quite expert. In all that experience I’ve only seen one person have a seriously bad result. This was a suicidally depressed water faster that I (mistakenly) allowed to administer their own colonics with my machine. This person not only took daily colonics, but allowed water to flow through their colon for as long as two hours at a time. Perhaps they were trying to wash out their mind? After several weeks of this extreme excess, the faster became highly confused and disoriented due to a severe electrolyte imbalance. They had to be taken off water fasting immediately and recovered their mental clarity in a few days. The loss of blood electrolytes happened because during colonics there occurs a sort of low-grade very slow reverse osmosis.

  3. colon irritation | COLON Says:

    […] Enema « Misterioso objeto por el culo […]

  4. Mariano Merino Says:

    Pues yo he tenido enemia dos o tres veces y no se parece nada a lo que usted describe. Es más bien como no tener fuerzas y que el médico te mande vitaminas, la verdad…

  5. Stibrittensex Says:

    Looks like you are a real professional. Did ya study about the subject? *lol*

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